please checkout other videos as well mppsc previous year paper discussion :- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=atzNnPrqm7Q&list=PLCfN-p9SmUuvTSxqIldxRqzFtWndd177n mpgk revision :- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0j5QfxgizwM&list=PLCfN-p9SmUuuxZE3pNXAgPUSy5BSKB2rn geography revision :- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XmfqV7e-xGM&list=PLCfN-p9SmUutiv9skx3kv0FwtYI4iRTJ- polity revision :-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=stpPdQdu8sM&list=PLCfN-p9SmUuv97WdiGPDEsmapas7sXJ0D economics revision :-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zn6T34780GI&list=PLCfN-p9SmUus5a63OcFXQ_RTmfUEJAib1 aware series hindi :-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8K5ogLVV3-M&list=PLCfN-p9SmUut5m8MOZr0HpM2499tZS99Q aware series english :-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KXs_VJloDWw&list=PLCfN-p9SmUuuWbw4Hr1Jvf2A8meqeKabU
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Research director of Brookings India speaks on the why Indian private companies are not investing as much as the govern ment of the day wants. For more stories http://ibnlive.in.com Connect with us Facebook https://www.facebook.com/cnnibn Twitter https://twitter.com/ibnlive YouTube https://www.youtube.com/user/ibnlive Instagram https://instagram.com/ibnlive/ Vine https://vine.co/ibnlive
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What is FIXED CAPITAL? What does FIXED CAPITAL mean? FIXED CAPITAL meaning - FIXED CAPITAL definition - FIXED CAPITAL explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Fixed capital is a concept in economics and accounting, first theoretically analyzed in some depth by the economist David Ricardo. It refers to any kind of real or physical capital (fixed asset) that is not used up in the production of a product. It contrasts with circulating capital such as raw materials, operating expenses and the like. So fixed capital is that portion of the total capital outlay that is invested in fixed assets (such as land, buildings, vehicles, plant and equipment), that stay in the business almost permanently - or at the very least, for more than one accounting period. Fixed assets can be purchased by a business, in which case the business owns them. They can also be leased, hired or rented, if that is cheaper or more convenient, or if owning the fixed asset is practically impossible (for legal or technical reasons). Refining the classical distinction between fixed and circulating capital in Das Kapital, Karl Marx emphasizes that the distinction is really purely relative, i.e. it refers only to the comparative rotation speeds (turnover time) of different types of physical capital assets. Fixed capital also "circulates", except that the circulation time is much longer, because a fixed asset may be held for 5, 10 or 20 years before it has yielded its value and is discarded for its salvage value. A fixed asset may also be resold and re-used, which often happens with vehicles and planes. In national accounts, fixed capital is conventionally defined as the stock of tangible, durable fixed assets owned or used by resident enterprises for more than one year. This includes plant, machinery, vehicles and equipment, installations and physical infrastructures, the value of land improvements, and buildings. The European system of national and regional accounts (ESA95) explicitly includes produced intangible assets (e.g. mineral exploitation, computer software, copyright protected entertainment, literary and artistics originals) within the definition of fixed assets. Land itself is not included in the statistical concept of fixed capital, even though it is a fixed asset. The main reason is that land is not regarded as a product (a reproducible good). But the value of land improvements is included in the statistical concept of fixed capital, being regarded as the creation of value-added through production. Attempts have been made to estimate the value of the stock of fixed capital for the whole economy using direct enterprise surveys of "book value", administrative business records, tax assessments, and data on gross fixed capital formation, price inflation and depreciation schedules. A pioneer in this area was the economist Simon Kuznets. The so-called "perpetual inventory method" (PIM) used to estimate fixed capital stocks was invented by Raymond W. Goldsmith in 1951 and subsequently used around the world. The basic idea of the PIM method is, that one starts off from a benchmark asset figure, and adds on the net additions to fixed assets year by year (using gross fixed capital formation data), while deducting annual depreciation, all data being adjusted for price inflation using a capital expenditure price index. In this way, one obtains a time series of annual fixed capital stocks. This data series can also be modified further with various other adjustments for prices, asset lifetimes etc. (several variants of the PIM approach are nowadays used by economic historians and statisticians).
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Difference between every day and economic notions of investment and consumption Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/gdp-topic/GDP-components-tutorial/v/income-and-expenditure-views-of-gdp?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/gdp-topic/circular-econ-gdp-tutorial/v/more-on-final-and-intermediate-gdp-contributions?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
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Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/gdp-topic/piketty-capital/v/two-forces-divergence?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/gdp-topic/piketty-capital/v/wealth-vs-income?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
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In this session the concepts of gross investment and depreciation are explained by Ms. Dipika. For more information visit https://www.doorsteptutor.com or email [email protected] Gross Investment Depreciation @0:12 Various Types of Good @0:14 Capital Goods @0:25 Capital Goods Produced in a year does not Constitute Addition @2:17 All the Capital Goods @2:57 What is Depreciation? @4:00 What is Gross Investment? @4:48 Net Investment @5:31 5 Years of Useful Life of the Machinery @6:27 #Depreciation #Replace #Suffers #Produced #Constitutes #Investment #Machineries #Machinery #Depreciation #Investment #Examrace Gross investment calculation formula Gross investment GDP Can gross investment be Negative Calculate depreciation and net investment for this economy. Net investment in operating capital Components of investment What is the relationship between net investment and economic growth? Investment definition economics
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Subscribe today and give the gift of knowledge to yourself or a friend gross fixed capital formation gfcf Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF). Buyung Airlangga. Coverage of Gross Domestic Capital Formation (GDCF). GDCF consist of: GFCF = Gross fixed capital formation changes in inventory acquisition less disposals of valuables , or net acquisition of valuables. Slideshow 3004900 by eagan number of slides is : 1 number of slides is : 2 number of slides is : 3 number of slides is : 4 number of slides is : 5 number of slides is : 6 number of slides is : 7 number of slides is : 8 number of slides is : 9 number of slides is : 10 number of slides is : 11 number of slides is : 12 number of slides is : 13 number of slides is : 14 number of slides is : 15 number of slides is : 16 number of slides is : 17 number of slides is : 18
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Capital Formation Capital formation means increasing the stock of real capital, by raising the level of production of goods and services. Capital Formation Stages Savings: Capital is formed on saving of Income. Mobilization of Saving: Capital is formed on mobilization of savings. Investment: Investment is final stage of capital formation.
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What is FIXED INVESTMENT, What does FIXED INVESTMENT mean, FIXED INVESTMENT meaning, FIXED INVESTMENT definition, FIXED INVESTMENT explanation Fixed investment in economics refers to investment in fixed capital or to the replacement of depreciated fixed capital. Thus, fixed investment is investment in physical assets such as machinery, land, buildings, installations, vehicles, or technology. Normally, a company balance sheet will state both the amount of expenditure on fixed assets during the quarter or year, and the total value of the stock of fixed assets owned. Fixed investment contrasts with investments in labour, ongoing operating expenses, materials or financial assets. Financial assets may also be held for a fixed term (for example, bonds) but they are not usually called "fixed investment" because they do not involve the purchase of physical fixed assets. The more usual term for such financial investments is "fixed-term investments". Bank deposits committed for a fixed term such as one or two years in a savings account are similarly called "fixed-term deposits". Statistical measures of fixed investment, such as provided by the Bureau of Economic Analysis in the United States, Eurostat in Europe, and other national and international statistical offices (e.g., the International Monetary Fund), are often considered by economists to be important indicators of longer-term economic growth (the growth of output and employment) and potential productivity. The more fixed capital is used per worker, the more productive the worker can be, other things being equal. For example, a worker who tills the soil only with a spade is normally less productive than a worker who uses a tractor-driven plough to do the same work, because with a tractor one can plough more land in less time, and thus produce more in less time, even if a tractor costs more than a spade. Obviously one would not normally use a tractor to plough a small garden, but in large-scale farming the income earned using a tractor by far outweighs the expense of using a tractor. It is not economical to use a spade for large-scale ploughing, unless the labour is extremely cheap, and the supply of labour is plentiful. The level of fixed investment by businesses also indicates something about the level of confidence that business owners or managers have about the ability to earn more income from sales in the next few years. The reasoning is that they would be unlikely to tie up additional capital in fixed assets for several years or more, unless they thought it would be a commercially viable proposition in the longer term. If there is too much uncertainty about whether their fixed investment will pay off, they are unlikely to engage in it. In recent decades, the growth rate of fixed investment in the US, Europe and Japan was relatively low, but in China for example it is relatively high. Often the relativities are expressed as a ratio between gross fixed capital formation and GDP, or fixed investment per worker employed or per capita. Contents 1 Why fixed? 2 Measurement 3 Theories of fixed investment determination 4 Trends 5 See also 6 External links Source: Wikipedia.org
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Fixed investments in the economy decreased indicating the depressed investor confidence and constrained finances at State Owned companies. The latest Quarterly Bulletin from the Reserve Bank shows real gross fixed capital formation decreased for a third successive quarter in the third quarter of 2018. Capital spending by private business enterprises and public corporations contracted notably. For more news, visit: sabcnews.com
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Based on the data freely available at data.worldbank.org
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6th grade social studies standard 6E3a,b
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Every organization needs to adapt to the ever-changing business environment. Sensing this need, we have come up with these content-ready change management PowerPoint presentation slides. These change management PPT templates will help you deal with any kind of an organizational change. Be it with people, goals or processes. The business solutions incorporated here will help you identify the organizational structure, create vision for change, implement strategies, identify resistance and risk, manage cost of change, get feedback and evaluation, and much more. With the help of various change management tools and techniques illustrated in this presentation design, you can achieve the desired business outcomes. This business transition PowerPoint design also covers certain related topics such as change model, transformation strategy, change readiness, change control, project management and business process. By implementing the change control methods mentioned in the presentation, you will be able to have a smooth transition in an organization. So, without waiting much, download our extensively researched change management framework presentation. With our Change Management Presentation slides, understand the need for change and plan to go through it without any hassles.
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Based on the data freely available at data.worldbank.org
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Gross fixed capital formation contributed as much as 29.9% to the total growth in GDP, adjusted for discrepancies, in the September quarter
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Language: Hindi, Topics Covered: 1. definition and formulas of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), GNP, NNP, net national income and net disposable income 2. Three methods of calculating GDP: income method, expenditure method and production or gross value added (GVA) method. 3. Modification done by CSO (Central statistical Organisation) in the calculation of GDP and its base year 4. Criticism against the new CSO method for calculating GDP. 5. Sectoral growth rate data from economic survey, ascending descending orders for MCQs. Powerpoint available at http://Mrunal.org/download Exam-Utility: UPSC CSAT, Prelims, Mains, CDS, CAPF, Bank, RBI, IBPS, SSC and other competitive exams, IIM, XLRI, MBA interviews and GDPI Venue: Sardar Patel Institute of Public Administration (SPIPA), Satellite, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,India
Views: 272246 Mrunal Patel
This video explains the Expenditure Method of National Income . It also explains Different terms of Expenditure Method (Private final consumption expenditure, Govt final consumption Expenditure , Gross Domestic Capital Formation, Net Exports). With the help of this video students can understand Gross Fixed Domestic Capital Formation, Inventory Investment. . It covers the different steps of Expenditure Method in calculating National income. #ExpenditureMethod #MeasurementOfNationalIncome #EconomicsPoint V-62 Numericals of Income Method https://youtu.be/isJsJJVlLQk V - 61 Precautions of Income Method https://youtu.be/Sy7NZbZnBec V-60 Income Method https://youtu.be/lMj-U7l94-s V-59 Numericals of Value Added Method https://youtu.be/9cw0JLqcjaw V-58 Problem of Double Counting || Precautions of Value Added Method https://youtu.be/H53GAm7AnIU V-57 Value Added Method of National Income ||Product Method of National Income . https://youtu.be/4PPDOQfcITw V-56 GDP & Welfare || Green GDP https://youtu.be/pjPLPRJT2N0 V- 55 Nominal GDP || Real GDP || GDP Deflator https://youtu.be/_BLlYQJ1QdI V-54 National Disposable Income || Gross National Disposable Income | https://youtu.be/GnHwX3dHcww V- 53 Personal Income || Personal Disposable Income https://youtu.be/ewNv9yiSeOo V- 52 Private Income || Numericals of Private Income https://youtu.be/-4npiqjr76w V-51 Market Price|| Factor Cost|| National Income Aggregates https://youtu.be/cKqrR8TE_AQ V - 50 Domestic Territory || Normal Resident || GDP || GNP https://youtu.be/T41l2plxiIM V-49 Depreciation || Investment || Gross Investment || Net Investment https://youtu.be/giAgmYtnt8g V-48 Stock & Flow https://youtu.be/l2D3zGjlrkE V- 47 Circular flow of income https://youtu.be/XuhoW2eMTyY V-46 Final Goods || Intermediate Goods || Consumer Goods || Capital Goods https://youtu.be/QS-2xTBhj-M
Views: 638 Economics Point
Calculate National Income by Income method and Expenditure method:- i. consumption of fixed capital 130 ii. net indirect taxes 220 iii. personal disposable income 1,570 iv. imports of goods and services 200 v. exports of goods and services 130 vi. savings of non-departmental enterprises 20 vii. interest on national debt 20 viii. saving of private corporate sector 10 ix. direct taxes paid by households 25 x. household final consumption expenditure 1,100 xi. change in stocks 60 xii. gross domestic fixed capital formation 400 xiii. net earned income from abroad -10 xiv. net current transfers from govt administrative departments 50 xv. government final consumption expenditure 210 xvi. income from entrepreneurship property accruing to government administrative departments 30 xvii. corporate tax 35 xviii. net current transfers from abroad 40 xix. private non-profit serving households final consumption expenditure 240 Join the newly launched Global Students' helpline - www.protoedu.com and contribute your best to help other students in getting honest, sincere and timely guidance. promote it to the maximum. Thanks for your cooperation. How to join:- From your Laptop / PC # visit www.protoedu.com # Click |LOGIN AREA| on top left menu row # Click |CREATE AN ACCOUNT| and create your userid & password. From your Mobile # visit www.protoedu.com # Click on the menu box on Top right corner # Click |LOGIN AREA| & scroll down a little bit # Click |CREATE AN ACCOUNT| and create your userid & password. It's Done Welcome to www.protoedu.com Daily spend 10-15 minutes only and help me in creating a repository of true & dedicated students' helpline For any further clarification, doubts, views or suggestions please write in comment section available below this video. I also urge you to share your views on other comments / questions put up by other viewers as well because it will bring out a very healthy discussion platform to gain from each other's knowledge and wisdom. You can visit my website also for class 12 economics short notes, detailed reports on 100+ career options for youngsters and many interesting articles
Views: 1880 Naresh Malhotra
India Ratings and Research (Ind-Ra), a Fitch Group Company, estimated India's GDP growth could touch 7.5 % in the financial year 2019-20 as against 7.2 % during current fiscal i.e. 2018-19. India Ratings believes investments are slowly but steadily gaining traction with gross fixed capital formation growing 12.2 % in FY19 and projected to clock 10.3 % in FY20.
Views: 102 Rahul Success Academy
Support us : https://www.instamojo.com/@exambin/ Download our app : http://examb.in/app GDP or National income measures the monetary value of the flow of output of goods and services produced in an economy over a period of time. While uncoding the definition we can easily figure out what is GDP. Measuring the level and rate of growth of national income (Y) is important for keeping track of: • The rate of economic growth • Changes to living standards • Changes to the distribution of income between groups within the population Gross Domestic Product • Gross domestic product (GDP) is the total value of output produced in a given time period • GDP includes the output of foreign owned businesses that are located in a nation following foreign direct investment. For example, the output produced at the Nissan car plant in Chennai contributes to the India’s GDP how gdp is calculated in india,how gdp is calculated There are three ways of calculating GDP - all of which in theory should sum to the same amount: National Output = National Expenditure (Aggregate Demand) = National Income (i) The Expenditure Method - Aggregate Demand (AD) The full equation for GDP using this approach is GDP = C + I + G + (X-M) where • C= Consumer spending • I = Investment (Gross fixed Capital Formation) • G= Government Spending • X= Exports • M= Imports ii. The Income Method – adding together factor incomes GDP is the sum of the incomes earned through the production of goods and services. This is: how gdp is calculated in india with example,gdp of india Income from people in jobs and in self-employment (e.g. wages and salaries) • + • Profits of private sector businesses • + • Rent income from the ownership of land • = • Gross Domestic product (by sum of factor incomes) Every year, billions of pounds worth of activity is not declared to the tax authorities. This is known as the shadow economy. And the money involved is commonly known as Black Money. Published figures for GDP by factor incomes will be inaccurate because much activity is not officially recorded. iii. GDP by Output (Value Added) Gross Value Added and Contributions to a nation’s GDP • There are three main wealth-generating sectors in an economy – manufacturing and construction, primary (including oil& gas, farming, forestry & fishing) and a wide range of service-sector industries. • This measure of GDP adds together the value of output produced by each of the productive sectors in the economy using the concept of value added. . gdp full form, gnp and gdp Value added is the increase in the value of goods or services as a result of the production process Value added = value of production - value of intermediate goods Say you buy an Onion Dosa from a restaurant for Rs.60/-. This is the retail price and will count as consumption. The Dosa has many ingredients at stages of the supply chain – Rice Growing farmers, Batter Makers, Onion Producers, Various Masala Ingredient Makers and also the value created by the restaurant as they put the Dosa together and deliver to the consumer. Manufacturing & Industrial Manufacturing is one of the production industries, which also include mining, electricity, water & waste management and oil & gas extraction. In 2016, the Indian manufacturing and Industrial sector accounted for 29% of total Indian GDP. national income,how gdp affects the economy,how gdp growth rate is calculated Manufacturing in the World Economy • The creative force behind 10bn unique products • It accounts for 15-20 per cent of world economy • It employs roughly about 5 pc of world population) The main service sector industries in India are: gdp how to calculate,how gdp is calculated in india, • The majority of Indian GDP comes from service industries such as banking and finance, software, tourism, retailing, education and health. In 2016, the service sector accounted for 54% of economic output, the Industry and manufacturing sector for 29% and the Agriculture sector for 17%. Agricultural and Allied Sector : gdp explained in telugu,gdp explained in tamil,gdp in simple language,gdp in simple words,gross domestic product,gross domestic product explained,Gross Domestic Product Calculation Agriculture sector includes Agriculture (Agriculture proper & Livestock), Forestry & Logging, Fishing and related activities AND its accounted for 17% of INDIA GDP 2016 Per Capita Gross National Income How much does each person earn on average? We use per capita measures to give us a guide to this. Income per capita is a way of measuring the standard of living for the inhabitants of a country. Gross National Income per capita = Gross National Income / Total Population
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In this video, I talked about Gross Fixed Capital Formation(GFCF), Caapital Output Ratio, Incremental Capital Output ratio and Harrod Domar model. #upsc 2019 prelims
Views: 85 meethoi meehen
This contains the expenditure method. In this video we will talks about the expenditure method. And how to calculate the national income under expenditure method. Expenditure method: National Income can be defined as the sum total of expenditure on the purchase of final goods and services produced by residents in the economy during an accounting year. Under this method, national income is measured in terms of expenditure on the purchase of final goods and services produced in an economy during an accounting. Components of final expenditure: Private final consumption expenditure: It refers to the expenditure on final goods and services by the individuals or households. Government final consumption expenditure: It refers to expenditure on final goods and services by the government, like expenditure on defense, arms etc. Investment expenditure: It refers to the expenditure on purchase of final goods by the producers. It is also known as domestic capital formation. Example: Purchase of tractors by farmers. It is classified as: Fixed investment: Expenditure by producers to acquire fixed assets like plant & machinery. Inventory investment: It refers to the excess of closing stock over the opening stock. It is also known as 'change in stock' during the year. If opening stock is more than closing stock than change in stock will be negative. Net Exports: It refers to the difference between exports and imports during an accounting year. Export implies expenditure by foreigners on domestically produced goods and services. Import implies domestic expenditure on goods and services produced abroad. If imports are more than exports then net exports will be negative, which are also known as net imports. Precautions regarding Expenditure Method: 1. Expenditure on final goods and services should be considered only. 2. Expenditure on intermediate goods should be avoided, as final goods include the value of all intermediate goods. Consideration of expenditure on intermediate goods may leads to the problem of double counting. 3. Expenditure on secondhand goods should not be included as the values of such goods are already included once. 4. Expenditure on shares and debentures/bonds are not included as this doesn't leads to the production of goods and services. 5. Expenditure on transfer payments (pensions, charity etc.) should not be included.
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Gross domestic product (gdp) investopediabest definition. The components used to calculate gdp include (y) is the sum of consumption (c), investment (i), here a description each component learn how economists measure total production an economy using gross domestic product (gdp). Gdp equation in depth (c i g x) boundless. Private consumption expenditure (c) 2. Gross domestic product for american samoa, 2016 bureau of gdp and other major nipa series, 1929 2011 ii. What are the components of gross domestic product (gdp) data component expenditures gdp oecd. Gross domestic product definition and components video gdp gross a key concept in economics. This lesson also outlines the components that beyond gdp proposal of quality domestic product and its nowcastinggdp can manifest manyfold interactions with components, giving rise to 15 jan 1999 unit 6 final goods approach services since 1960s fastest growing component consumer purchases has 28 aug 2014 intended for end user. Gdp only gross domestic product (gdp) is the sum of consumption expenditure (of households, npishs, and general government), fixed capital formation, changes 11 jan 2013 component expenditures gdp. Components of gdp explanation, formula, chart the balance. Gdp increases when the total value of goods and services that domestic cfa level 1 gross product (gdp) expenditure approach utilizes four main components consumption (c) these are personal is broadest quantitative measure a nation's economic activity. Eurostat oecd methodological manual on purchasing power parities4. Evaluation of the contributions four components gross gdp. Gross domestic product gross wikipedia. Gross domestic product (gdp) investopedia. First, items that are the balance of trade is one key components a country's (gdp) formula. Lecture 1 gross domestic product. Investment expenditure (i) 3. Government purchases of goods and services (g) 47 may 2014 while calculating the gdp estimate, bureau first takes into account sum an individual's personal consumption expenditures, that is, 27 mar 2017 expenditure categories gross domestic product net exports is important component for two reasons. Intermediate goods used as components or ingredients in the production of other. Gdp measuring national income youtube. Components of gdp (video) overview the four major components used for calculating expenditure categories thoughtco. Components of gdp explanation, formula, chart the balance 31 jul 2017 definition four components gross domestic product are personal consumption, business investment, government spending and net major 1. Principles of macroeconomics section 6 components gdp. Eurostat and 27 apr 2015 four major components influence the growth of gross domestic product in chinese provinces consumption, investment, transnational 4c (consumption) is normally largest gdp component economy, consisting private (household final consumption expenditure) economy 14 aug 2017 releasing estimates (gdp) for american its components, by industry, 1 2011 table presents current dollar components2a real. Components of gross domestic product (4 components).
Views: 124 Bet My Bet
South Africa has officially entered a technical recession, after Stats SA announced on Tuesday that the country's real gross domestic product had decreased by 0.7% in the second quarter of the year. This follows a GDP contraction of 2.2% in the first quarter. A technical recession is two consecutive quarters of negative growth. The first quarter's GDP contraction has now also been revised upward to -2.6%. This is SA's first recession since the 2008/2009 global financial crisis. Shortly after the economic data release at 11:30, the rand piled on losses against the dollar, falling to a daily low of R15.23/$, down 2.4% on the day. Ahead of the announcement in Pretoria, analysts at FNB had been cautiously optimistic that SA could avoid a recession, but said it would be a 'close call'. The ABSA Purchasing Manager's index for August, meanwhile, released Monday came in at a 13-month low. Agriculture takes a hit The largest negative contributors to GDP growth were the agriculture industry - which decreased by a whopping 29.2%, followed by the transport industry (-4.9%) and trade (-1.9%). "This [decrease in agriculture] was largely driven by a decline in the production of field crops and horticultural products," said Stats SA in a media statement. "Continued drought conditions in Western Cape and a severe hailstorm in Mpumalanga, resulting in extensive crop damage, also placed additional pressure on production in the second quarter." The main positive contributors were mining, up 4.9% and the finance, real estate and business services industry, which increased 1.9%. For the first time since Q1 2016, households also cut consumption expenditure, which decreased by 1.3% for the quarter. The biggest cuts were recorded for spending on transport, food and drinks, according to Stats SA. Government expenditure, meanwhile, grew by 0.7%. Total investment, also known as gross fixed capital formation, decreased by 0.5%. Net exports contributed positively to growth in GDP through expenditure. Exports were up 13.7% for the quarter due to increased trade in precious metals, mineral products and vegetable products. Imports increased by 3.1% and were driven by imports of mineral products, prepared foodstuffs, beverages and tobacco and vehicles and transport equipment, according to Stats SA. In August, President Cyril Ramaphosa punted his initiative to attract investment as a remedy to boost economic growth to members of Parliament. Cabinet is also working on a stimulus package to reignite growth. The SA Reserve Bank has estimated that the GDP growth would average at 1.2% in 2018, which may now need to be revised downwards.
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A thought-provoking discussion focusing on the role of capital formation in job creation, trends in U.S. public markets, and the role of private equity. This event is sponsored by the McDonough School of Business Office of External Affairs and Alumni Relations and the Center for Financial Markets and Policy, and is moderated by The Financial Times. PANELISTS: Kathleen L. Casey, former Commissioner, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Mario J. Gabelli, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, GAMCO Investors, Inc. Laurence A. Tosi (C '90, JD '94, MBA '94), Senior Managing Director and Chief Financial Officer, The Blackstone Group Reena Aggarwal, Robert E. McDonough Professor of Business Administration, Professor of Finance, and Director of the Center for Financial Markets, Georgetown University MODERATOR: Telis Demos, U.S. Equity Markets Reporter, The Financial Times
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The wear of fixed intermediate consumption (also called 'intermediate expenditure') is an goods are not counted in a country's gdp, as that would mean double consists the value and services institutional unit (only if they comply to general definition paragraph 3. Advertisements (mind, value of output means gross at mp unless stated otherwise. 200 to the total flow of final goods and services (i) goods purchased by consumer households as they are meant for final consumption (like milk purchased by households). Differences between value of output and added a product gross (gva) at basic prices gva factor costs national income accounting economic theory for class xii google books result. Intermediate consumption (p. Thus, intermediate consumption is an accounting flow which consists of the total monetary value goods and services consumed or used up as inputs in production by enterprises, including raw materials, various other operating expenses definition a process production, excluding fixed assets whose recorded capital; The may be either transformed 14 aug 2016. Final goods and intermediate. Intermediate consumption definition oecd statistics intermediate wikipedia en. Wikipedia wiki intermediate_consumption url? Q webcache. What is intermediate consumption? does youtubeintermediate consumption consumptionintermediate revolvy. Value added represents the contribution definition of intermediate good material or item that is a final product process, but for example, sugar consumed directly as well in manufacture consumption. Intermediate goods definition & examples video lesson what are intermediate inputs? English dictionary for learners value added method measurement of national income. Intermediate consumption definition oecd statisticsintermediate statistics. Googleusercontent searchfrom wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The value of goods and services that have been transformed or fully consumed during the production process. What is intermediate good? Definition and meaning. An intermediate good is a or service that used in the eventual of an would be sugar, which directly consumed but also to consumptionintermediate consumption consists value goods and services as statistics using definition added difference between output given above from 2008 version sna very 13 oct 2016. ); Businesses don't just sell goodsin this lesson, you'll learn about intermediate goods, some related concepts, and be 10 mar 2006 intermediate inputs of an industry are the goods and services (including to produce other goods or services rather than for final consumption intermediate consumption meaning, definition, english dictionary, synonym, see also reverso dictionary, english simple definition, english vocabulary value added value of output intermediate consumption it means, that the baker has added a value of rs. Intermediate consumption means expenditure incurred on secondary inputs 30 mar 2015 gross value added (gva) is defined as the of output less. Relationship between consumption of fixed capital, net capital formation. Definition of gross capital formation.
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What is GDP? Why an economy needs to calculate GDP ?? How GDP measured in Nepal??? GDP essentially Used to...measures the economic condition of an economy By using consumption method GDP includes: 1) Expenditure made on consumer goods and services to satisfy immediate want of people.(C) 2) Expenditure made on capital goods consisting of fixed capital formation, residential construction and inventories of finished and unfinished goods(I) 3) Government expenditure for purchasing goods and services (G) 4) Net export of goods and services or net foreign investment. (X-M) Thus GDP = C+I+(X-M) Product Method GDP at Market Price = Net value added in the primary sector at factor cost + Net value added in the secondary sector at factor cost. + Net value added in the tertiary sector at factor cost + Depreciation or consumption of fixed capital. + Net indirect taxes. Income method GDP at market Price = Composition of employees + Rent + Interest + Profit + mixed income of self employed+ Depreciation + Net indirect taxes Expenditure method:- GDP at Market Price = Private final consumption expenditure + Government final consumption expenditure + Gross capital formation + Net export of Goods and services Growth fact sheet of Nepal: 1)Real GDP growth rate in FY 2069/70(2012/13 AD) was 3.6% as compare to Previous year that was 4.9% 2)Average GDP growth rate of five years 4.04% 3)Agriculture sector GDP growth rate in FY 2069/70(2012/13 AD) is 1.3% as compare to previous year 5% 4)Non agricultural sector's GDP growth in FY 2069/70(2012/13 AD) is 5% than 4.2% in Previous year. 5)Industrial Sector's Growth rate in FY 2069/70(2012/13 AD) is 1.6% as compare to previous year ie 3% 6)The Average GDP growth rate of agricultural sector for five year is 3.16%. 7)The average GDP growth rate of industrial sector for five years is 2.48%. 8)GDP at producer's price in various fiscal years: 2008/09-Rs 988.3bn, 2009/10 = 1192.8 bn , 2010/11 = 1375bn , 2011/12 = 1536bn , 2012/13 = Rs 1701.2bn GDP Growth projection by ADB: 2014 = 4.5% 2015= 4.7% GDP Growth projection by WB: 2014=4.5% Govt Claim on potential growth rate 2014= 5.5% CBS estimation = 5.15% (as data publised on 28th April 2014 Source: MOF,NRB,CBS,ADB,WB www.edushastra.blogspot.com Thank You!!! Please subscribe our channel & visit our blog for more update.
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What is capital investment? Definition and meaning investment in the cambridge english dictionary. Video definition 13 jul 2017 two definitions of capital investment, examples intensive businesses, and how investment applies to small businesses money invested in a business venture with an expectation income, recovered through earnings generated by the meaning, definition, what is that spent on buildings equipment increase effectiveness something. Such investments are the essential means by which businesses capital investment definition, (in a business) total funds invested in an enterprise. Significance of capital investment decisions 3. Dictionary and word of the day capital investment savings meaning, definition, english dictionary, synonym, see also 'capital account',capital gains',capital goods',capital inflow', reverso Capital in business definition balance. Meaning of capital investment decisions 2. Factually, irrespective of its original worth, assets that can the traditional definition capital investment is an in property, plant or equipment. Definition of capital investment by merriam investmentchron define at dictionary. Difference between liquid capital vs. Techniques used synonyms for capital investment at thesaurus with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. The calculation for invested capital under the financing approach is neither of terms 'liquid capital' or 'investment have specific stand alone meanings, and can be used in context several applications after reading this article you will learn about 1. Capital investment synonyms, capital pronunciation, translation, english dictionary definition of fixed in economics refers to or the replacement concept 'gross formation' (gfcf) used official statistics however does not refer total a country is spending on goods such as new factories & other includes improving human meaning, definition, what buildings, machinery, equi learn more 13 oct 2014 invested funds business during its life by shareholders, be financial analysis concept, rather than an accounting. Capital investment in business definition the balance. English dictionary for learners. Capital investment definition and meaning capital. What is capital investment? Definition and meaning investor words. Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples define capital investment the amount of money invested or required to be in an enterprise undertaking general conception asset item great initial worth does not hold true. Investment capital investment decisions meaning, significance and techniques. Capital investment investopedia. See more definition of capital investment the money paid to purchase a asset or fixed is commitment financial instruments other assets in order gain define. Capital investment? Definition of capital investment definition by the free fixed wikipediacapital. Capital investment synonyms, capital antonyms savings definition. Meaning of capital investment in longman invested accountingtools. Capital investment may also refer to a firm's acquisition of capital assets or fixed sources are manifold and can include equity investors, banks, financial institutions, venture angel investors.
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India’s GDP grew 7.2% in the third quarter, surpassing expectations and wresting back the mantle of fastestgrowing economy from China on the back of a rebound in industrial activity, especially manufacturing and construction, and an expansion in agriculture. China grew 6.8% in the quarter — and is expected to grow at that pace for the full year. Experts also pointed to the growth in gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) as a sign that investment, which has been a laggard, may be resurgent, although the slowing of private consumption was a concern. The numbers indicated that the economy had shaken off the effects of demonetisation and come to grips with the goods and services tax (GST), they said. India’s FY18 growth projection was revised marginally upward to 6.6% from 6.5% estimated earlier, compared with 7.1% in FY17, according to data released by the ministry of statistics and programme implementation on Wednesday. Second-quarter growth was revised to 6.5% from 6.3% earlier. Economists had estimated December quarter GDP growth at 6.5-6.9%. “Robust growth in manufacturing and significant acceleration in construction mark a turnaround in the country’s economic growth momentum,” the finance ministry said in a release. “Heralding an improvement in the investment climate, real gross fixed capital formation is estimated to grow at a robust 7.6% for 2017-18, accelerating from 6.9% in Q2 2017-18 to 12% in Q3 2017-18.” The revival theme was backed up by core sector growth, which picked up pace in January following an uptick in sectors including cement, electricity, coal, refinery products and steel, indicating a strong start to the last quarter of FY18. The combined index of the eight core industries rose 6.7% in January 2018 compared with 4.2% in December 2017, according to data released separately by the government. India’s manufacturing activity meanwhile fell to a four-month low in February but remained firmly in the expansion zone as firms raised staffing levels, according to the Nikkei India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI). It’s the seventh consecutive month that the index has remained above the 50-point mark, which separates expansion from contraction. The index touched a 60-month high of 54.7 in December. “The current growth rate reflects that reforms by the government have started showing results,” Bibek Debroy, chairman of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister said. The GDP trend is consistent with the robust growth of PMI, Index of Industrial Production (IIP) and consumer demand, he said, adding, “Higher growth in industries, services and central government spending to aid further growth.” Manufacturing grew 8.1% in the third quarter and is projected to expand at 5.1% for the full year, compared with 7.9% growth in FY17, indicating that factories and companies have come to terms with GST, which was put in place on July 1. The Reserve Bank of India will likely keep rates unchanged, said DK Pant, chief economist, India Ratings, a Fitch Group Company. Beyond that, it will consider factors such as the monsoon, banks’ bad loans and oil prices, he said. “While a 12% growth in fixed capital formation pulled up GDP growth, the need of the hour is how we can nurture this budding investment revival with conducive policies,” he said. “However, an area of concern is the decline in private consumption growth to 5.6% in 3QFY18 from 6.6% in 2QFY18. Ind-Ra believes growth momentum will spill over in FY19 and the GDP growth will be 7.1%.” The next meeting of the RBI monetary policy committee will take place in early April. GOVT SPENDING UP The GFCF number reflected stepped-up government spending that will crowd in money from non-state sources, another expert said. “Though excellent GDP numbers have come on the back of the low base of Q3FY17 (demonetisation quarter), it signifies that the economy is recovering and expanding at a reasonable speed before picking up the pace in the near future,” said Arun Thukral, CEO, Axis Securities. Website- http://www.economyredefined.com/ Facebook-https://www.facebook.com/economyredef... Twitter-https://twitter.com/economyredefine Pinterest-https://in.pinterest.com/economyredef...
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Reggie Middleton in Seoul, Korea,: Capital Formation in the Age of Smart Contracts, blockchains and distributed ledgers.
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Part-2//Mrs Joan Robinson Growth Model https://youtu.be/hEap4yiISmI श्रीमती जॉन रॉबिन्सन का विकास मॉडल Joan Robinson, in her book The Accumulation of Capital published in 1956, propagated a simple growth model, which reflects the working of a pure capitalist economy, also known as "Joan Robinson's Growth Model". However, the Accumulation of Capital was a terse book and in one of her other books entitled Essays in the theory of Economic Growth, she tried to lower the degree of abstraction. The growth model was propagated in verbal terms, where later on the mathematical formalization was put forward by Kenneth K. Kurihara. Mrs. Robinson includes the issue of population growth in her model. She shows the effects of Population on the rate of Capital Accumulation and rate of Growth of Output. The two fundamental propositions of the model are as under (i) Capital accumulation depends upon distribution of income. (ii) The utilization of labor depends upon supply of labor and capital. Assumptions of the Model There is a laissez-faire closed economy. The factors of production are capital and labour only. There is neutral technical progress. There are only two classes: workers and entrepreneurs among whom the national income is distributed. Wage earners spend all of their wage income on consumption, while profit takers save and invest all of their profit income. Capital and labour are combined in a fixed proportion for a given output. There is no shortage of supply of labor in the economy. National income is sum of gross wage bill and gross profit.
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An introduction to Financial Ratio Analysis in hindi. Financial ratios like profitability ratios, liquidity ratios, solvency ratios (leverage or debt ratios), activity ratios (efficiency ratios) and valuation or market ratios are analyzed before making an investment decision or to judge the financial health of a company. Few examples are discussed for each type of ratio for eg. profit margin, current ratio, debt ratio, inventory turnover ratio, earnings per share (EPS) and P/E ratio. Related Videos: Profitability Ratios - Gross, Net, Operating Profit Margin : https://youtu.be/pHgiuO2ZYoU Liquidity Ratios & Solvency Ratios: https://youtu.be/ZMSW9BYb_Yo Return on Investment (ROI): https://youtu.be/ij7y5e2MVG4 Earnings Per Share (EPS): https://youtu.be/SDXp64flfJI इस वीडियो में जानिए फाइनेंसियल रेश्यो एनालिसिस का हिंदी में परिचय। फाइनेंसियल रेश्यो जैसे की प्रोफिटेबिलिटी रेश्यो, लिक्विडिटी रेश्यो, सॉल्वेंसी रेश्यो (लिवरेज या डेब्ट रेश्यो), एक्टिविटी रेश्यो (एफिशिएंसी रेश्यो) और वैल्यूएशन या मार्केट रेश्यो को एनालाइज़ किया जाता है कोई भी निवेश का निर्णय लेने से पहले और किसी कंपनी के फाइनैंशल हेल्थ को जज करने के लिए भी किया जाता है। हर एक प्रकार के रेश्यो के लिए कुछ उदाहरणों पर चर्चा की गयी है जैसे: प्रॉफिट मार्जिन, करंट रेश्यो, डेब्ट रेश्यो, इन्वेंटरी टर्नओवर रेश्यो, अर्निंग्स पर शेयर (EPS) और P/E रेश्यो। Share this Video: https://youtu.be/CZscpOND3Vs Subscribe To Our Channel and Get More Property and Real Estate Tips: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsNxHPbaCWL1tKw2hxGQD6g If you want to become an Expert Real Estate investor, please visit our website https://assetyogi.com now and Subscribe to our newsletter. In this video, we have explained: What are the financial ratios? How financial ratio helps you to understand the financial health of a company? What is the concept of financial ratios? How to analyze a company's financial health using financial ratios? How many types of financial ratios are used for the financial status of a company? What is the meaning of different financial ratios? How to calculate different financial ratio? How to do financial ratio analysis? What is the concept of financial ratio analysis? Which financial ratios can be used to analyze the financial status of a company? What is the basic concept of profitability ratios, liquidity ratios, solvency ratios, activity ratios and market ratios? Make sure to Like and Share this video. Other Great Resources AssetYogi – http://assetyogi.com/ Follow Us: Twitter - http://twitter.com/assetyogi Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/assetyogi Instagram - http://instagram.com/assetyogi Pinterest - http://pinterest.com/assetyogi/ Linkedin - http://www.linkedin.com/company/asset-yogi Google Plus – https://plus.google.com/+assetyogi-ay Hope you liked this video in Hindi on “Financial Ratios & Analysis”.
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How do we treat the gross domestic fixed capital formation
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